one of the most important topic for any selection process to understand candidate’s familiarity with current affairs. Aadhaar was introduced as an optional 12-digit identification tool for Indian citizens in January 2009. The optional nature of the Aadhaar came up for discussion when the National Identification Authority of India Bill, 2010 was introduced in the Parliament by UPA-II.

Under the Aadhaar Act 2016, UIDAI is responsible for Aadhaar enrolment and authentication, including operation and management of all stages of Aadhaar life cycle, developing the policy, procedure and system for issuing Aadhaar numbers to individuals and perform authentication and also required to ensure the security of identity information and authentication records of individuals.

The “Aadhaar is not mandatory” status was reaffirmed by the SC in 2016. Therefore, the government’s decision to make Aadhaar mandatory for welfare schemes recently has caused an uproar in opposition and on social media.

As per the amendments to the Finance Bill, 2017, an Aadhaar number is necessary for filing tax returns. So, those who don’t have Aadhaar effectively become “criminals” in the eyes of the law and are left with no choice but to enroll in Unique Identification (UID).

Aadhaar has been appreciated in the public policy sphere as being a game-changer for effective implementation of government schemes. Its most crucial role is that of plugging leakages via targeted public delivery and social support systems.

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